What are headings and how do I apply them to an Enterprise CMS page?

What are headings?

Headings tell visitors how the content on each page is organized, and create structure for your page. 

However, headings are not just used for visual interest. Headings are an important tool used to make websites accessible for people who use screen readers to navigate our websites. 

There are six heading types:

  • Heading 1 is the page title; it identifies what the page is about. You do not have the option to assign text as Heading 1 since the Title field defaults to this heading.

    • Heading 2 identifies the main content areas on the page. On this page “What are headings?”, “How to Apply Heading Formats”, and “Things to Remember” are formatted as Heading 2.    

      • Heading 3 is for subsections of a Heading 2 content area. Heading 3 was not used on this page.   

        • Heading 4 is for subsections of a Heading 3 content area. Heading 3 and 4 look the same, visually. But don't confuse the two; screenreaders can tell the difference.

          • Heading 5 is for subsections of a Heading 4 content area. 

            • Heading 6 is for subsections of a Heading 5 content area. 

 How to Apply Heading Formats

  1. Make sure you are logged into the Enterprise CMS and are on the Edit tab of the page you want to update. 

  2. Click and drag to highlight the text you want to modify. If you "triple-click" it will select the highlighted row and the row below it

    1. Click on the Format drop-down menu in the formatting bar (it will say "Normal"). 

    2. Choose the heading format that you want to apply.

      Things to Remember

      • Never skip heading levels. For example, do not use Heading 3 if there is no Heading 2 on the page. 

      • Never use heading formats for emphasis or excitement. Use other formatting options, such as bold formatting or block quotes, instead. 

      • Headings create an outline for screen reader users to scan the layout of the page. This makes finding particular sections easier and also helps users figure out what kind of information is on the page. 

      • Search engines use headings to index the structure and content of your web pages, so using headings for other purposes makes it difficult to search your site. 

      For additional support, email ucomm-support@pdx.edu