Descriptions of Geology Courses: 400 Level

G 420 Applied Geophysics

Principles of geophysical measurement and interpretation; seismology, gravimetry, isostasy, geomagnetism, terrestrial electricity. Includes a survey of geophysical exploration techniques. Three lectures, one 2-hour lab. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G520 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 4
 Prerequisites: One year of general physics, one year of calculus.

Corequisite: G420L

 


 

G 423 Statistics and Data Analysis in the Geosciences

Application of digital computers to problems in geology. Topics covered are analysis of data collected along a traverse, over a map area, and multivariate data. Applications to stratigraphic sections, chart recordings, sample locations, mapping, trend surfaces, and clustering. Two lectures and two 2-hour laboratory. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 523 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 4
Prerequisite: One year of calculus. 

 

 


 

G 424 Geographical Information Systems for the Natural Sciences

Spatial data are input, analyzed, and displayed. Techniques covered include: data management, projections and reference datum, digitizing, raster and vector operations, spatial statistics. Class projects apply data management and analysis techniques to the natural sciences. Weekly professional quality lab reports are required. GIS tutorial followed by a gateway exam is used to demonstrate mastery of introductory material. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 524 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisite: Upper division standing in a physical or life science or math program   Corequisite: G424L

 


 

G 425 Field GIS

Acquisition, storage, and display of field-based data for the natural sciences. Geospatial data generated using field-based technologies (i.e. GPS) are converted into appropriate database structures (i.e. GIS) for analysis and reporting. Project design and implementation are developed in cooperation with the instructor. Integrated laboratory/ field experience. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 525 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisite: Stat 243 or G 324, 8 to 15 credits of lab based 200-level introductory courses in geology, biology, physics, chemistry, or environmental sciences. Upper division standing.

 


 

G 430 Life of the Past

Origin and development of plants, animals and man on earth, as interpreted from the study of fossils and the sedimentary rocks in which they occur. Includes integrated laboratory and field experience.

Credits: 4
Prerequisite: Upper division standing. Two lectures, one 2-hour laboratory (academic year) or field studies (summer).

 

 


 

G 434 Structural Geology and Tectonics

Study of origin, interpretation, and mapping of major and minor geologic structures and their relation to plate tectonics. Three lectures; two 2-hour laboratories; and required field study.

Credits: 5
Prerequisite: G 326, Ph 203 or 213, Mth 261.
Corequisite: G 434L

 

 


 

G 435 Stratigraphy and Sedimentation

Principles and techniques of recognition, interpretation, and correlation of stratified rock units used to establish time histories of tectonic, volcanic, and sufficial processes, and environment of deposition. Two lectures, two 2-hour laboratories, and required field study.

Credits: 5
Prerequisites: G 318 and G 314.
Corequisite: G 435L

 

 


 

G 437 Analytical Methods

Fundamentals, applications, and use of analytical methods in the analysis of earth materials. Analytical methods will include optical and Xray methods and introduction to microthermometric analysis, differential thermal analysis, and granulometry. Two lectures; two 2-hour laboratory periods.

Credits: 4
Prerequisite: G 312, one year of general physics, radiation safety certification (acceptable as a corequisite).
Corequisite: G 437L

 


 

G 438 Scanning Electron Microscopy for the Biogeosciences

Course provides student with a theoretical understanding of various scanning analytical electron microscopy techniques and hands-on experience using such techniques to characterize geological and biological materials. Topics covered include the basic physics of image and spectrum formation, sample preparation, instrument operation, and data analysis. Two hours lecture and two hours of by-arrangement laboratory. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 538 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisite: Introductory course sequence in geology, biology, chemistry, physics, or environmental science.

 


 

G 439 Powder X-ray Diffraction

Identifies and quantifies minerals using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), includes the nature and production of X-rays, basic X-ray crystallography, the principles and applications of X-ray diffraction, as well as certification for use of the X-ray diffractometer. Also includes an independent project to identify or quantify unknown minerals using the XRD. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 539 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 2
Prerequisite: G 312 or one year of general chemistry.

 


 

G 440 Volcanology

Classification of volcanic rocks and volcanic stratigraphic units; eruptive mechanisms; modes of volcanic deposition; recognition, mapping, and correlation of volcanic units; and stratigraphic syntheses of volcanic terranes. Two 75-minute lectures, one 2-hour laboratory. Field trip is required. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 540 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 4
Prerequisite: G 314.
Corequisite: G 440L

 


 

G 442 Igneous Petrogenesis

Investigation into the origin and evolution of magmas and igneous rock suites using geochemical and petrographic methods, differentiation of the Earth through time, global element cycles driven by igneous processes. Two lectures; two 2-hour laboratory periods. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 542 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 4
Prerequisite: G 314.
Corequisite: G 442L

 


 

G 443 Ground Water Geology

Study of the physical and chemical properties of underground water; the physical properties of aquifers and their control and effect on the contained waters; water movement and the conservation and utilization of existing ground water bodies as well as development of new water bodies and rejuvenation of depleted and starved aquifers. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 543 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 4
Prerequisites: One year of calculus, general physics, general chemistry.

 


 

G 444 Well Dynamics

Study of the interactions of water wells and an aquifer system, including all types of aquifer systems and pump tests to analyze those systems, well drilling and design, pump selection, and groundwater explorations.

Credits: 4
Prerequisite: G 443

 

 

 


 

G 445 Geochemistry

A survey of geochemistry. Emphasis on distribution of elements in the Earth, nuclear geochemistry and thermodynamics of geologic systems. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 545 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 4
Prerequisite: G 314

 

 

 


 

G 446 Meteorites

A course examining meteorites and the information they provide about the birth and evolution of the solar system. Topics include asteroids and asteroidal heat sources, the solar nebula, early solar system chronology, pre-solar grains, abiotic synthesis of organic matter, differentiation, impacts and collisional processes, and meteorites from Mars. Three lectures. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 546 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 4
Prerequisites: G 201, one year of chemistry.

 


 

G 447 Environmental Sediment Transport

Study of sediment transport, bedforms, and depositional environment, with focus on quantitative methods of predicting rates of sediment yield, transport, and deposition in terrestrial and marine environments. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 547 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 4
Prerequisites: ESR 220 or G 202 and Mth 251

 

 


 

G 448 Chemical Hydrogeology

The study of low temperature aqueous groundwater geochemistry with emphasis on factors which change chemical composition of groundwater and factors which influence the transport of both inorganic and organic contaminants. Topics will include geochemistry of equilibrium reactions, mineral solubility, complexing, oxidation-reduction reactions, surface reactions and vadose zone processes. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 548 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisites: One year of chemistry. Two lectures, one 2-hour laboratory.

Corequisite: G 448L




G 450 Middle School Earth/Space Sciences

Examines the Earth and Space science content area and classroom and developmentally appropriate field experiences for middle school students. Emphasis on developing hands-on and technology-based activities centered on the Earth and Space sciences. Materials are developed within the context of standards-based education models. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 550 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisites: 24 credits of mathematics and/or science courses.

 


 

G 453 Geology of the Pacific Northwest

Survey of the topographic and geologic features of the Pacific Northwest, emphasizing geologic and mining history and focusing on the close relationship between the Pacific Northwest as the leading edge of a moving continental plate, the geologic/paleobiologic (fossil) record of this area, and the implications of recent tectonic activity; the Mt. St. Helens eruption, earthquakes, floods, and threats of major seismic sea waves or tsunami.
Credits: 4
Prerequisite: Upper division standing. (Notes: Course available only through Independent Study)

 


 

G 454 Cascade Volcanoes

Field course in the study of one or more Cascade volcanoes-origin and development of volcano, eruptive mechanism, deposits, rock types, and hazards. Course may be repeated for different volcano studies. Offered summers. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 554 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 1
Prerequisites: Upper division standing and one prior course from the following: G 201, 202. May be used to meet requirements for the B.A. in geology. May not be used to meet requirements for the B.S. in geology.

 


 

G 455 Environmental Coastal Geomorphology

Introduction to coastal processes, geomorphology, habitat, and development issues: emphasis on coastal shelf, beach, estuarine and dune systems. Includes the influence of sea-level, tides, waves, wind, and development pressures on these coastal systems. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 555 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisites: G 351 or G 318

 

 


 

G 456 Astrogeology

Geology and astronomy are combined to explore the evolution of the Universe and the Solar System. Comparative geologic evolution of the planets is emphasized. A significant component of the course is hands-on geologic field investigations and astronomical observations (summer) or 2-hour laboratory (academic year). Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 556 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisite: Upper division standing.
Corequisite: G 456L

 

 


 

G 458 Astrobiology

Astrobiology focuses on issues surrounding the origin and evolution of life on Earth, the environmental conditions required for life elsewhere, and the potential for life on other planets and satellites in our solar system. Additional topics include the discovery, occurrence, and habitability of extrasolar planets, and the philosophical and societal implications of searching for life beyond earth. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 558 and may be taken only once for credit.
 Credits: 4
Prerequisites: G 322 or upper division standing in life, environmental, or physical science.

 


 

G 459 Quaternary Climate

Study of the causes and consequences of climate change through the Quaternary. Topics include: an overview of climate system dynamics; the geologic record of Quaternary climate and its profound glacial to interglacial cycles; the use of that record to develop conceptual models of paleoclimate interactions among land, ocean, atmosphere, and biosphere; and geologic changes during the Cenozoic (the last 65 million years) that set the stage for the Quaternary. Includes computer laboratory exercises using paleoclimate data. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 559 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisite: Upper division standing in a physical or life science program.
                                                  Corequisite: G 459L

 


 

G 460 Soil Geomorphology

Effects of climate, vegetation, parent material, topography, and time on the development, weathering, classification, and chemistry of soils. Two 75-minute lectures and one 2-hour laboratory. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 560 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 4
 Prerequisites: G 201, 202, Ch 200- level (1 year)


 


 

G 464 The Cryosphere

Investigation of the global cryosphere—the regions on Earth’s surface where water is found in its solid form—in order to develop a systems understanding of ice in the Earth system. Emphasis is placed on modern systems and climate change. Lecture and lab. Lab work uses modern observational data and state-of-the-art climate simulation tools.

Credits: 4
Prerequisites: Upper-division or graduate standing.

 

 


 

G 465 Glacial Geomorphology

The investigation of the importance of glaciers to landscape modification and global environmental change via an understanding of their formation, structure, mass and energy exchange, and movement. Erosion and deposition processes will also be examined. This class adopts the process perspective whereby understanding the physical processes provides significant insight into the relative importance of the controlling mechanisms of change. Field trip is required. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 565 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisites: introductory geology, physical geography, or geomorphology course.

 


 

G 466 Glaciology

The physics of glacier ice and its mathematical description, and the processes that cause glaciers and ice sheets to change over time. Intended for students with interests in glaciers, geophysical fluid flows, or who wish to build their quantitative and computational skills. Includes computational laboratory exercises. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 566 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisites: One year of calculus and one year of physics.
Corequisite: G 466L

 


 

G 470 Engineering Geology

Applications of geological information to engineering problems: soil mechanics, rock mechanics, construction materials, groundwater and construction, instrumentation, exploration, terrain models, landslide analysis. Three hours of lecture and two hours of lab per week. Labs stress quantitative analysis. One day field trip explores landslides of the Portland area. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 570 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisites: G 202, Ph 203.
Corequisite: G 470L

 


 

G 475 Introduction to Seismology and Site Evaluation

Earthquakes and exploration seismology, the origin and occurrence of earthquakes, nature and propagation of seismic waves in the earth, earthquakes as a hazard to life and property. Uses of reflection and refraction exploration seismology, borehole velocity measurements, seismic remote sensing, and direct measurement techniques. Earthquake hazard assessment including liquefaction, ground failure, and site amplification. Techniques for evaluating the susceptibility, potential, and severity of the hazards and other science and engineering applications. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 575; this course is the same as CE 443/543; course may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
  Prerequisite: Senior/Graduate Standing

 


 

G 477 Earthquake Accommodation and Design

Effects of earthquake shaking in the design of buildings, pipelines, bridges, and dams. Incorporating the earthquake hazard assessment for a project in the design process. The goal of this course is to allow geologists, geotechnical engineers, structural engineers, and architects to see how their particular tasks are impacted by the earthquake effects. Types of analysis used to evaluate earthquake design requirements in the several disciplines including geology, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, and architecture. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 577; this course is the same as CE 448/548; course may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
  Prerequisite: G 475/575 or CE 443/543

 


 

G 481 Field Geology

Geologic mapping in sedimentary and volcanic rocks or metamorphic and plutonic rocks during a summer field camp. A charge will be made for the expenses of the field camp. Approximately 64 hours of field work in the summer. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 581 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 4
Prerequisites: G 485

 

 


 

G 484 Field Geophysics

Applications of geophysical techniques to solving a field problem. Methods applied may include gravity, resistivity, refraction ground penetrating radar, and magnetics. Includes at least one weekend in the field and production of a final report with data and conclusions. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 584 and may be taken only once for credit.
Credits: 4
Prerequisites: Ph 203 or Ph 213, Mth 261

 

 


 

G 485 Field Methods in Geosciences

Principles of geologic mapping, and data collection using optical surveying instruments, Global Positioning System, and aerial photographs, preparation of reports and maps. Two lectures and one 4-hour laboratory. One-week field exercise at end of term.
Credits: 4
Prerequisites: G 434 and G 435.
Corequisite: G 485L

 

 


 

G 491 Physical Processes in Geology

Application of mechanics to physical processes in geology, such as igneous intrusion, rock folding, debris flow, lava flow, groundwater, and glaciation. Also offered for graduate-level credit as G 591 and may be taken only once for credit.

Credits: 4
Prerequisites: Mth 254, Ph 203

 

 

 


 

G 492 Topics in Geodynamics

Special topics concerning the dynamics that govern earth processes such as fluid flows and plate motions, and related physical properties of Earth materials. Representative topics include ice sheet dynamics, glacier dynamics, and thermodynamic modes of earth systems. May be repeated for credit if topics are different. Two lectures and one 2-hour laboratory.
Credits: 4
Prerequisites: Mth 254, Ph 213, and G 326