Improving Environmental Sensing
by Shaun McGillis February 15, 2021
Recent Research News
March 2021 - Dr. Bird's Department of Energy Grant
Dr. Bird and his Ph.D. graduate student, Dawei, are busy using their Department of Energy research grant to create a new type of variable stiffness torsional magnetic spring for an ocean generator application. The rotary magnetic spring is composed of a new type of magnet configuration that allows it to create a linear change in torque with angle. The stiffness can be adjusted through axially shifting the rotors. The ability to change the stiffness will enable the ocean generator to resonant with the ocean waves frequency.
February 2021 - Society of Women Engineering outreach project for National Engineers Week
Dr. Melinda Holtzman and the Society of Women Engineering student group are doing an outreach project for National Engineers week and are doing two sessions at Madison high school in Portland. They discussed their experiences, STEM careers, met in small groups in breakouts for particular subjects, and did a programming game. The objective is "to show the next generation they belong in STEM, just like we do!"
January 2021 - Dr. John Lipor Receives NSF CAREER Award
Dr. Lipor's CAREER award proposal, Leveraging Signal Structure for Cost-Sensitive Adaptive Sampling, aims to reduce the cost of environmental sensing by designing and analyzing novel algorithms for adaptive sampling. These algorithms will enable practitioners to rapidly discover important environmental features while minimizing the cost of sampling using devices such as drones or autonomous underwater vehicles. Further, this research will support education and diversity through the development of curriculum for a high school course on unmanned aerial vehicles as well as a citizen science campaign that leverages adaptive sampling to benefit Portland's Forest Park.
December 2020 - Dr. Perkowski's 2020 Presentations
Marek Perkowski presented an invited address "Inverse Problems, Constraint Satisfaction, Reversible Logic, Invertible Logic and Grover Quantum Oracles for Practical Problems" at the Reversible Computing Conference in July 9-July 10, 2020 in Oslo, pp 3- 32.
November 2020 - Dr. John Lipor's Recent Research
- Dr. Lipor's student Wubin Sheng presented at the Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computers this month. His work describes a novel, general framework for deep learning from pairwise comparisons (e.g., whether two images are of the same object or not). They provide a unified method for incorporating this information into clustering, semi-supervised classification, and supervised classification that outperforms competing methods for learning with limited supervision.
- Dr. Lipor's paper "Subspace clustering using ensembles of K-subspaces" was published in Information and Inference: A Journal of the IMA. They describe an ensemble-based algorithm for subspace clustering that provably achieves perfect clustering when the data satisfy standard regularity conditions and achieves state-of-the-art performance on several image recognition datasets.
November 2020 - Three New Full-Time Faculty Members Joined the ECE Department During Fall Term
- David Burnett joined the ECE department as Assistant Professor in our Environmental Sensing and Monitoring focus area. Dr. Burnett earned his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley. Prior to joining PSU, Dr. Burnett’s experience includes technical staff at Sandia National Labs, researching sensors for intertidal physical security, teaching electrical engineering at Da Nang University of Technology in Vietnam, and fielding underwater vehicles at McMurdo Station, Antarctica.
- Mahima Gupta joined the ECE department as Assistant Professor in our Power Engineering program. Dr. Gupta earned her Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Prior to joining PSU, Dr. Gupta was a part of the Research and Advanced Engineering group at Ford Motor Company, where she worked on next-generation electrified powertrains. During her Ph.D., she devised the idea of smart switching modulation for cascaded power converters, which permits two orders of reduction in the dc-link capacitance requirements.
- Yuchen Huang joined the ECE department as Instructor in the area of Computer Architecture. She earned her M.S.E.E. from Portland State University. Prior to joining PSU, she was at Intel Corporation for 21 years in Hillsboro, Oregon, where she was a senior staff engineer. Her experience involved key product development and industry adoption of technologies, standards, specifications and methodologies.
November 2020 - Recent professional activities of ECE Professor Emeritus Jim Morris
A joint plenary presentation with A. Bonyar:."Relationship between electronics packaging and nanotechnology – on the occasion of the establishment of the IEEE Hu&Ro EPS&NTC joint chapter" at ISSE, Slovakia
A plenary presentation on "Nanopackaging: Selected Topics" at DTS, Tunisia
The opening speech "IEEE Nanotechnology Council" at NMDC, Nanjing
......all being virtual of course.
In addition, Dr. Morris gave an online lecture "Automotive Electronics: Sensors & Engine Control. (A Real-time Embedded Control System circa-1980)" to the Harbin Institute of Technology Summer School.
October 2020 - Fall 2021 Priority PhD Cohort Application Open
Our Fall 2021 Cohort Application is now open. Students with a BS or who are working on a BS and are interested in research are encouraged to apply. MS students are also welcomed to apply. More info: https://www.pdx.edu/electrical-computer-engineering/phd-priority-admission-fall-cohort
September 2020 - Dr. Chrzanowska-Jeske publication and elected for second term as IEEE Nanotechnology Council Vice President for Finances
Malgorzata Chrzanowska-Jeske with her two PhD students Sucheta Mohapatra and Satya Vendra published "Fast Buffer Count Estimation in 3D IC Floorplanning“ in IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II.
Malgorzata Chrzanowska-Jeske was also elected for the second term, 2021-2022, as IEEE Nanotechnology Council Vice President for Finances.
September 2020 - ECE faculty member Roy Kravitz leads team evaluating and testing RVfpga, a new RISC-V based Computer Architecture curriculum
Roy Kravitz, a Senior Instructor in the ECE department led and worked with a team of 4 students and two ECE adjuncts evaluating and testing RVfpga over the summer. RVfpga is a new RISC-V based Computer Architecture curriculum that includes instructional material and hands-on lab projects. RVfpga was announced by Imagination Technologies in early September. Their plan is to adopt RVfpga for ECE 540 - SoC Design w/ Programmable Logic for Fall term and going forward. As early adopters, Portland State University, the Maseeh College of Engineering and Computer Science, and the ECE department will likely be one of the first programs in the world to adopt RVfpga. Work on RVfpga will continue throughout Fall term with the target release for the entire set of training materials being the end of November.
July 2020 - Former Teuscher Lab Summer Intern Accepted to Yale and Completing Internship at CNN
High schooler Raja Morena did an internship in Teuscher lab last summer before being admitted to Yale for his undergrad studies. He is also doing an internship with Anderson Cooper 360 this summer. In his own words:
At Teuscher Lab, I designed and implemented algorithms to automate the analysis of teaching and learning activity in a college classroom. I tested and documented the work for Professor Teuscher to use in a grant proposal. I also had a wonderful time getting to know the other members of the lab, and leaned on a lot of its senior members for help and advice.
Doing research in Teuscher Lab was my first “real” work-during-working-hours job, and it helped me get used to being diligent and focused during my work day. A lot of the critical thinking and creative problem-solving skills I nurtured in the lab also help me now on AC360°. Moreover, Professor Teuscher helped me figure out that I want to continue using quantitative methods to solve interesting social problems in my education and beyond. I try to pay the generosity and kindness he showed me forward to the incoming first-years I mentor. I look up to Professor Teuscher as an example of how to be kind and welcoming to everyone — he took me in when I had nothing to offer but curiosity and a bit of elbow grease and helped me learn. I will always be grateful to him for that.
Here’s a little more about what I do at CNN:
I research breaking news stories and present my findings to our production team for use on air.
I compiled an internal database for the booking team.
I shadow our control room operations and pre-tapes. assist the APs/PAs, transcribe interviews, and investigate and pitch several stories per week.
The only thing I’d like to add is a big thank-you to Professor Teuscher
June 2020 - GPU-based Computation and Data Enabled Research and Education (G-CoDERE) at PSU
An interdisciplinary group of PSU faculty led by Feng Liu (CS) and comprising Christof Teuscher (ECE), Jay L Nadeau (Physics), Bruno Jedynak (Math+Stat), Steve L Reichow (Chemistry), and systems architect William Garrick (OIT Research Computing Manager and Architect) has been awarded a two-year, $395,926 NSF grant for a high-performance GPU-based computing cluster. The funding will allow PSU to acquire 20 GPU-enabled servers and storage. Specifically, the proposed infrastructure includes 4 nodes with 4 NVIDIA Titan RTX and 768 GB RAM, 16 nodes with 4 RTX 2080 Ti, 12 of which with 192 GB RAM and 4 with 384 GB RAM, and 480 TB usable storage. The requested resources will augment and enhance the existing computational resources at Portland State University and benefit researchers as well as students.
June 2020 - Faculty Research Seminars
Content from this academic year's seminars can be found on on the faculty research seminar page.
February 2020- PSU one of four universities funded by Dept of Energy's $6.7M for IoT Integration Research
Portland State, Stanford, MIT, and Purdue are recipients of $6.7M in funding from Dept of Energy for IoT Integration Research. Learn more about this and our power lab's IoT project here.
February 2020- Teuscher Lab summer interns accepted for MIT THINK Scholars Program
High schools students Ishaan Sinha and Owen Caverly wanted research experience so they reached out to some professors. Dr. Teuscher agreed to have them intern in teuscher.:Lab last summer. Their experience helped them get accepted for the MIT THINK Scholars Program where they received a four-day all-expenses paid trip to MIT to meet professionals in their field of research, tour labs, and attend MIT's xFair. While there, they met a professor who is offering to fund their project, as well as invite them to his summer institute.
Their research project this summer was EyeHear: Smart Glasses for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing. Dr. Teuscher connected them to some resources, such as an anechoic chamber and a loan of a Google Glass Explorer Edition. Great job Ishaan and Owen!
November 2019- Dr. Teuscher organizes Thermodynamic Computation workshop
Christof Teuscher organized a proposal development workshop for a future center on Thermodynamic Computation. The workshop was funded by a Vision 2025 Seed Grant Award from Research & Graduate Studies (RGS).
November 2019- ECE MS student work presented by Dr. Lipor
Dr. John Lipor presented work performed by MS thesis student Phillip Kearns at the Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computers in November. Phillip's work focused on determining optimal sampling strategies for mobile sensors, with the goal of estimating the spatial extent of hazardous regions during wildfires.
November 2019- ECE students published in Nature
Former ECE PhD student Walt Woods and ECE student Jack Chen have a Machine Learning article accepted and published in Nature. Editor's summary: Deep neural networks can be led to misclassify an image when minute changes that are imperceptible to humans are introduced. While for some networks this ability can cast doubt on the reliability of the model, it also offers explainability for networks that use more robust regularization.
October 2019 - Dr. Siderius on front page of the Journal of the Acoustical Society
ECE Professor Martin Siderius had his article “Environmental Information Content of Ambient Noise” (co-authored with John Gebbie) featured on the cover of the Journal of the Acoustical Society.
September 2019 - Conferences attended by ECE faculty over summer 2019
Malgorzata Chrzanowska-Jeske, ECE faculty, presented a half a day Tutorial “Following the 3D Integration Path”, at the IEEE CASS International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, ISCAS 2019, in Sapporo, Japan on May 26, 2019.
Malgorzata Chrzanowska-Jeske, ECE faculty, presented a paper coauthored with two recent ECE PhD graduates Muhammad Ali and Mohammad Ahmed entitled “Logical effort Framework for CNFET-Based VLSI Circuits for Delay and Area Optimization” at the IEEE CASS International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, ISCAS 2019, in Sapporo, Japan on May 28, 2019.
Dr. Lipor presented his work on Distance-Penalized Active Learning via Markov Decision Processes at the 2019 IEEE Data Science Workshop in June. This work lies at the intersection of robotics, reinforcement learning, and active learning, with the goal of improving our ability to efficiently track boundaries of spatial phenomena related to air and water quality.
Dr. Siderius attended the 2019 Underwater Acoustics Conference and Exhibition (UACE). The conference was held July 1st - 5th at the Aldemar Knossos Royal Hotel on the island of Crete in Greece. Dr. Siderius and PhD student Alex Higgins have been working on modeling underwater scattering in the Northwest Electromagnetics and Acoustics Research Laboratory (NEAR Lab). Alex presented their work titled "Acoustic wave scattering from dynamic rough sea-surfaces using the finite-difference time-domain method and Pierson-Moskowitz Frequency Spectrum". Dr. Siderius spoke about his previous research collaborations with the well known hydro-acoustician Dr. Jean-Pierre Hermand.
Emeritus Professor James E. Morris and Professor Malgorzata Chrzanowska-Jeske attended the Executive and Administrative Committee meetings of the IEEE Nanotechnology Council in Macao on July 22nd and 23rd as President-Elect and Vice-President for Finance respectively. These annual meetings are co-located with the flagship IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology held on the following three days.
Malgorzata Chrzanowska-Jeske, ECE faculty, presented a paper entitled “Tube Redundancy in Statistical Evaluation of Critical Path Delay of CNFET Circuits in the Presence of Tube Variations”, coauthored with her PhD student Satya Keerthi Vendra at the IEEE NTC Nanotechnology Conference, NANO 2019, in Macau on July 25th, 2019
July 2019 - Visiting Professor Stanley Rotman joins ECE department
ECE would like to welcome visiting Professor Stanley Rotman of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel. His research area is hyperspectral data analysis, taking images that (rather than having one spectral band (black and white images) or color (three spectral bands)) have hundreds of spectral bands and analyzing them. He hopes to combine this with the machine learning research of Dr. Lipor.
June 2019 - ECE Visiting Professor Ephraim Suhir receives the IEEE Field Award in Electronics Packaging at the 69th IEEE Electronic Components & Packaging Conference in Las Vegas. The IEEE field awards are the highest in the specified technical areas.
“For seminal contributions to mechanical reliability engineering and modeling of electronic and photonic packages and systems.”
With over 40 years of pioneering work in modelling and reliability engineering, Ephraim Suhir has enabled electronic packaging engineers to accurately predict stress in advanced packaged components for the design of more reliable devices. He was one of the earliest researchers to introduce the use of rigorous mechanics principles in electronic systems. His closed-form solutions have provided the electronics industry with invaluable tools for ensuring reliability and cost savings during the design process by eliminating errors early in the design process. He has applied his techniques to advanced components and packaged structures such as microelectronics, photonics, photo-voltaics, and thermoelectronic modules. Every serious mechanics practitioner and researcher in the electronics packaging field has been influenced by Suhir’s groundbreaking contributions.
May 2019 - Dr. John Lipor awarded NSF grant
Dr. Lipor's research will focus on the design, analysis, and deployment of algorithms for adaptively sampling the environment with mobile sensors. Phenomena such as harmful algae booms and wildfires regularly impact the Portland area and Oregon as a whole. In the latter case, a key task is understanding the spatial extent of airborne particulate matter resulting from fires. This research seeks to design algorithms that adaptively track this spatial extent while accounting for practical considerations, such as the time required to travel between sampling locations and the need to recharge the vehicle.
March 2019 - ECE Strategic Vision unveiled
The ECE research vision is now available
February 2019 - Portland State’s Ivan Sutherland, “father of computer graphics,” receives prestigious BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award
In recognition of his lifetime of many achievements, Dr. Sutherland was recently selected by the BBVA Foundation for the Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Information and Communications Technologies. This prestigious international accolade—given by the Spain-based foundation—recognizes and rewards contributions of singular impact in science, art and the humanities.
February 2019 - Teuscher Lab explores the connection between neural networks, electronics, and the way the brain perceives images
Walt Woods, Ph. D. candidate, and Christof Teuscher, Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty, co-authored “Fast and Accurate Sparse Coding of Visual Stimuli with a Simple, Ultra-Low-Energy Spiking Architecture,” published in IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems.
January 2019 - ECE students make it to finals of Cleantech Competition
Congrats to the ECE students who have made it to the finals of the Cleantech Challenge with their Living Window project!
From Stevie: Our project Living Window is being worked on by the members of Portland State Product Innovation (PSPI), a club at PSU, led by team members Stevie Taylor, William Lau, and Talya Naftali. The Living Window is a greenhouse inside of a wall with automation, phone app, hydroponics, and plumbing components among others. We plan to bring this project as far as possible within the Cleantech Challenge and InventOR should we make it that far, and beyond. Anyone interested in working on this project, or other projects, or want to find other people to work on your pet project with us should join a PSPI meeting which take place every Friday from 5:30pm-7:30pm in EB 421. Email firstname.lastname@example.org to join the mailing list or ask for more details about PSPI or the Living Window.
January 2019 - Dr. Bird awarded $2million Department of Energy grant
ECE Associate Professor Dr. Jonathan Bird was awarded a grant for Performance Testing of an Integrated Magnetic Power Take-Off which aims to demonstrate the performance benefits of using a newly invented
adjustable magnetic spring for enabling resonant operation of a wave energy converter over a wide