Biology Minor

The Biology minor is an excellent complement to many academic majors, such as Environmental Science, Health Science, or general Science, as well as many of the pre-professional programs. Minoring in Biology gives you specialized knowledge in the life sciences that enhances your understanding of these other fields, and also signals your expertise in this area to graduate schools and employers.  The requirements for a Biology minor include the following:

1. Biology minors must earn at least 27 Biology credits (at least 9 of which must be completed at PSU), including:

        Biology 211 & 214, 212 & 215, 213 & 216: Principles of Biology (15 credits)

2. Upper-division courses (12-15 credits), at least one of which must come from each of the following areas:

Area A: Cellular/Molecular
BI 334 4 cr
BI 336 Cell Biology            5 cr
BI 341 Genetics                 4 cr
Area B: Systems/Organisms
BI 320 Intro. Physiology       4 cr
BI 330 Intro. Plant Biology    4 cr
BI 386 Invertebrate Zoology    6 cr
BI 387 Vertebrate Zoology      6 cr
BI 380 Microbiology            4 cr
Area C:  Ecology/Evolution
BI 357 Ecology                 4 cr
BI 358 Evolution                4 cr


Courses taken under the undifferentiated grading option (pass/no pass) cannot be used to fulfill biology minor requirements. Bi 401, 404, 405, 406, and 407 are not allowed for the minor. Additional courses may be required as prerequisites.