Occasional Paper Series
Some of the Research Projects of the CTS Faculty Members
• World Values Survey - Cyprus
P.I. Birol Yeşilada (Portland State University) and co-P.I.s Harry Anastasiou (Portland State University), Craig Webster (University of Nicosia), and Nicos Peristianis (University of Nicosia) conducted the first World Values Survey in Cyprus during February - April 2006. The World Values Survey is a worldwide investigation of sociocultural and political change. It is conducted by a network of social scientist at leading universities all around world. (Partial funding for this survey in Cyprus was provided by the Jubitz Family Foundation of Portland Oregon.)
The possibility of Turkey’s accession to the European Union has been problematic. Initially, the EU’s pursuit of regional economic integration and enlargement of membership, at the exclusion of Turkey, strained relations between the two. It was not until 1999, and under pressure from the US, that Turkey was considered as a potential candidate for membership.
This book seeks to provide a comprehensive assessment of the fluctuating relations between the EU and Turkey in the twenty-first century. Applying complementary theoretical models to evaluate prospects for Turkey’s membership, analysis includes; Turkey’s report card on the Copenhagen criteria, public opinion in Europe and Turkey, and benefits and challenges based on projection estimates. The results show that whilst both sides stand to make significant gains from Turkey’s membership, the current state of affairs point in the direction of a failure.
Examining complex issues surrounding EU-Turkey relations and addressing the critical question of what will happen if Turkey is rejected by the EU, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of politics, Turkey and the wider Middle East.
• Power Transition Theory
Power Transition theory is based on A.F.K. Organski’s (1958) seminal work in world politics. The most basic proposition is that severe war is most likely to occur when the relative power of two competing and dissatisfied nations approaches parity. However, the dynamics of power do not account for the full story. A second fundamental proposition is that nations do not interact in anarchy. Rather, the dominant nation establishes the status quo and persuades satisfied nations to join the existing order. The nations that rank as potential challengers have two options. A dissatisfied challenger whose preferences for the ordering of the international system differ substantially from the dominant order will seek to alter the status quo. Conversely, a satisfied challenger whose preferences for the ordering of the international system are closely aligned with the dominant nation will seek to preserve the status quo or will attempt to alter it by cooperative means. The policy options presented by these two different interactions differ substantially.
• Islamization of Turkey under AKP Rule (Edited by Birol Yesilada & Barry Rubin)
This book examines the decade in office of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) and its efforts to transform the Turkish republic toward a more Islamist-oriented system. If it succeeds, Turkey’s dramatic shift will be the most important change in the Middle East power balance since the 1979 Iranian revolution and will have equally devastating effects on Western interests.
For more than 80 years Turkey has been ruled by the secular democratic structures created by Kemal Ataturk. Now, however, the rise of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) and its series of electoral victories are creating a new system. Whilst portraying itself as a centre-right reform party, the AKP has been accused of having an Islamist agenda. After almost a decade in power, there is serious evidence that this claim is true. At home, the AKP has been changing basic Turkish attitudes and institutions, from buying up a large portion of the country’s media to revising its laws, and even taking the lead in the writing of a new constitution. Internationally, Turkey has moved away from the West and Israel toward Iran and radical Islamist groups. While its intentions—and ability to fulfil them—are still unclear, the AKP has been leading the most important transformation of Turkey since the formation of the republic after World War I. This book systematically examines the AKP’s ideology, support base, actions in office, and goals.
This book was published as a special issue of the Turkish Studies.
Basci, Pelin. "12 Eylül'ü Konu Alan Filmlerde Karsi Anlati Olarak Ses ve Hafiza" [Voice and Memory as Counter-Narratives in Films Depicting the September 12, 1980 Military Take-Over] in Mülkiye Dergisi, Journal of Ankara University, School of Political Science, Faculty and Alumni Association, Vol. 34, No. 268 (Fall 2010): 147-183.
Basci, Pelin. "Türk Edebiyati Kanonu ve Ulusal Kimligin Sinirlari" [The Canon of Turkish Literature and the Limits of National Identity], Pasaj Edebiyat Elestirisi Dergisi [Passage Journal of Literary Criticism], No. 6 Special Issue on the literary canon. (November 2007-May 2008): 44-69.
Basci, Pelin. "Advertising 'The New Woman': Fashion, Beauty, and Health in Women's World," International Journal of Turkish Studies, Vol. 11, Nos. 1 & 2 (Fall 2005): 61-79
Basci, Pelin. "Advertising Modernity in Women's World: Women's Lifestyle and Leisure in Late-Ottoman Istanbul," HAWWA, Journal of Women of the Middle East and the Islamic World, Vol. 2. No.1 (2004): 34-63. Also available online at www.brill.nl
Basci, Pelin. "Love, Marriage, and Motherhood: Changing Expectations of Women in Late Ottoman Istanbul," in Turkish Studies, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Autumn 2003): 145-177.
Basci, Pelin. Women of Turkey in American Missionary Texts,? in Deconstructing Images of The Turkish Woman, ed. Zehra Arat, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998. pp. 101-123.; reprinted in Deconstructing Images of The Turkish Woman, ed. Zehra Arat, London: Macmillan, 1998. pp. 101-123.
Post-1989 Shopping Tourism to Turkey as Prologue of Bulgaria's Return to Europe New Perspectives on Turkey 43 (Fall 2010): 135-164
The shift to a market economy is a more complex story than the standard transition narrative implies. Shopping tourism is a socio-cultural phenomenon that illuminates the shifting relationship between the state, its citizenry, and the market. Its existence is predetermined by a weak state and incorporation into a global economy. Shopping tourism offers a link between the socialist economy of shortage and the post-socialist informal economy. It has opened a survival niche for unemployed and constitutes a school of entrepreneurship and consumer practices. The discourses surrounding shopping tourism have reflected anxieties about incorporation, social reordering, and blatant consumerism; recreational tourism mirrors their normalization. The Bulgarian suitcase trade to Turkey also elucidates the interplay between new consumerism and old nationalism and their insertion into the debates about Bulgaria's ideological reorientation. Bulgarian Europeanness in the 1990s was constructed against two principal foils: the socialist past and the Ottoman legacy. Ironically, the stereotypical East was constructed as the stereotypical West in a way in which market and ideological categories intermingle and foreshadow a Bulgarian consumerist "Return to Europe”. To elaborate these arguments, the article draws on an analysis of newspaper ads, statistical data, travel guides, internet travelogues, and interviews.
Prof. Farr been working on a number of research projects involving Afghanistan. In the past 10 years these include work on the religious schools in Afghanistan, especially, but not only the Madrassas, research on the connection between the Taliban and the Deoband, and his continuing work on the Shia of Afghanistan. His major publication include the monograph Modern Iran, book chapters and articles on the Deoband-Taliban connection, on the Hazara in Afghanistan, on Islamic Education in Afghanistan, publication on Afghan refugees, and on Islam in Afghanistan.
• Sociology of Islam and Social Theory
This project analyzes Islamic political social and economic structures from the lenses of Marx, Weber, Durkheim and Simmel and compares them with Muhammad Abduh, Hasan Al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb and Mawdudi. This research interest emerges from the intersection of social theory, political economy, religion and the sociology of work. I am interested in an approach to the theoretical study of society, religion and politics that takes into account the broader questions of Muslim Society, Islam, secularism, modernity and the capitalist mode of production, and political sociology. Currently (especially in consideration of the work of Max Weber, Sayyid Qutb, Mawdudi, Maxime Rodinson, and Ernest Gellner), I am concerned with the transformation of what I call domestication of religion through economic routinization and discipline that goes beyond the conventional modes of secularization.
• Sociology of Islam and Muslim Societies
The Future of Uyghur Nationalism and Its Impact on US-China Relations
The aim of my study is to provide a historical overview of Uyghur nationalism in China after the occupation of the Eastern Turkistan Republic, and to provide insight into future ramifications for US-China relations. In this research, I will analyze the elements that have caused the rise in the Uyghur nationalist movement. Uyghurs are an indigenous population of Central Asia and the West part of China, called Xinjiang in Chinese. Uyghurs have called their homeland Eastern Turkistan. China has many different ethnic and religious groups, but the Uyghur case is very unique, because Uyghurs are ethnically and religiously very distinctive from the Chinese. There are many other Muslim minorities in China, but the Uyghur is the dominant ethnic group, among Muslims with a population of approximately 15 million people. We have no exact number, because after the Cultural Revolution there has been domestic migration that has taken place within the last thirty years and the demographic structure in Eastern Turkistan has changed to the detriment of the Uyghur population. Within the next ten to fifteen years, Uyghurs will be a minority group in their homeland.
• Sociology of Africa: The History of Colonialization in the 20th Century
This project is based on a Post-Colonial approach to African Politics. Four different historical processes will be reviewed within this research, including i). The Berlin Conference and ii). WWI: 1884-1918, Struggle for Freedom and Equality: 1918-1950s, iii). The Cold War Effect in Africa: Socialism versus Imperialism: 1950-1980 and iv). The Neoliberalist Process in Africa: the Collapse of Dreams.
• Sociology of Africa
• "Behind Closed Doors" in Insight Turkey (June 2005) reprinted with persmission of the Journal
• The Sociology of Islam: Secularism, Economy and Politics
Iraq, Its Neighbors and the United States, co-edited with Phebe Marr and Scott Lasensky, (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 2011).
Preventing Conflict over Kurdistan (Monograph, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, January 2009).
European Responses to Globalization: Resistance, Adaptation and Alternatives co-edited with Janet Laible (Oxford: Elseiver, 2006).
Turkey's Kurdish Question with Graham E. Fuller (Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998).
Reluctant Neighbor: Turkey's Role in the Middle East (ed.) (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 1996).
The Politics of Economic Reform in the Middle East (ed.) (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992).
The State and the Industrialization Crisis in Turkey (Boulder: Westview Press, 1990).
Articles and Book Chapters
“The Broken Triangle: How the U.S.-Israeli-Turkey Relationship got Unglued,” in William B. Quandt (ed.) Troubled Alliance: The United States, Turkey and Israel in the Middle East (Virginia: Just World Press, 2011).
“Coordinating Responses to the 2011 Arab Revolt: Turkey and the Transatlantic Alliance,” Mediterranean Paper Series, German Marshall Fund and Instituto Affari Internazionali, October 2011.
“Turkish Foreign Policy and the Middle East,” Sciences-PO, CERI Strategic papers, September 2011.
"Iran and Turkey," in Robin Wright (ed.) The Iran Primer: Power, Politics and U.S. Policy, (Washington, DC: USIP, 2010).
“Turkey’s Moment of Inflection,” Survival Vol 52, No. 3 (June-July 2010).
“Turkey’s New Engagement in Iraq: Embracing Iraqi Kurdistan,” U.S. Institute Special Report #237, May 2010.
Ali Çarkoğlu & Ersin Kalaycıoğlu
Rising Tide of Conservatism in Turkey
Kulturkampf in Turkey: The Constitutional Referendum of 12 September 2010
•Turkish economic development
Fund-raising for an Endowed Chair of Modern Turkish Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa
sponsored by the Council of Turkish Canadians.
In addition to academic research, I have started writing historical novels: UZUN ALI, SHAME AND SALVATION has been published by Wisdom House in summer 2011 (flyer attached). It is a family story of the Cyprus conflict, told in three generations, from 1878 to 1980. It is available on Amazon.com. A prequel, ANGELINA'S TREASURE, CYPRUS 1570 is in press. It takes the Uzun Ali story back to the Ottoman conquest of the island.
Dursun-Ozkanca, Oya. Forthcoming. 2012. “Secularism in Turkey,” Religion and Public Life, Volume 38.
Mazzucelli, Colette and Dursun-Ozkanca, Oya. Forthcoming. 2012. “Veto Players Inside and Out: The Future of EU-NATO Security Relations as Explained in a Comparative Foreign Policy Analysis of French and Turkish Grand Strategies” in Laursen, F. (ed.) The EU, Security and Transatlantic Relations.
Dursun-Ozkanca, Oya. “European Union Enlargement and British Public Opinion: The Agenda-Setting Power of the Press,”Perspectives on European Politics and Society, Volume 12, No. 2, June 2011.
Dursun-Ozkanca, Oya. “Turkey and the EU: Implications of Membership Scenarios on Transatlantic Security Relations,” in Biscop, S. and J. Lembke, (eds.) EU Enlargement and the Transatlantic Alliance: A Security Relationship in Flux. Lynne Rienner Publishers, ISBN: 978-1-58826-578-4, 2008.
Dursun, Oya. “Is the Transatlantic Alliance Sinking into the Abyss of the Atlantic?” in Johns Hopkins University Bologna Center Journal of International Affairs, Volume 8, Spring 2005.
TurkishLife News Articles by Arnold Reisman
Ziya Öniş & Fikret Şenses
Turkey and the Global Economy: Neo-Liberal Restructuring and Integration in the Post-Crisis Era
The Vakf Institution in Ottoman Cyprus, Ottoman Cyprus: A collection of Studies on History and Culture