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Research: Systems Theory and Philosophy



  • Systems theory 
  • Systems philosophy
  • Philosophy of science
  • Science-religion dialog
  • Systems ideas and sustainability


  • Jolly, R., Zwick, M., Wakeland, W., Woods, J. (2015). "The mechanisms of information integration in experimental prediction markets." International Journal of Business Research. (Abstract) (pdf)
  • Zwick, M. (2014). "Systems Theory and the Metaphysics of Composition." Presented at the 66th Annual Northwest Conference, Pacific University, Nov. 7-8. (Abstract) (pdf)
  • Zwick, M. (2014). "Complexity Theory and Political Change: Talcott Parsons Occupies Wall Street." In Complexity and the Human Experience, Modeling Complexity in the Human and Social Sciences, Paul A. Youngman & Mirsad Hadzikadic, editors, CRC Press, 2014, pp. 141-160. Presented at the Systems Science Seminar Series, PSU, 1/27/2012 (presentation recording archived at, and the 1st Annual Conference on Complexity and Human Experience: Modeling Complexity in the Humanities and Social Sciences, May 30-June 1, 2012, University of North Carolina at Charlotte." (pdf) 
  •  Zwick, M. (2013). "Is the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature False?" Presented at the 65th Annual Northwest Conference, Pacific University, Oct. 4-5. (Abstract) (pdf)
  • Zwick, M. (2012). "Freedom as a Natural Phenomenon." Presented at the 64th Annual Northwest Conference, Oregon State University, Oct. 26-27. (Abstract) (pdf)
  • Zwick, M. and Fletcher, J. (2011) "Levels of Altruism." Presented at the Northwest Philosophy Conference, Lewis and Clark, Nov 4-5. (pdf)
  • Zwick, M. (2010) "Personal Knowledge and the Inner Sciences."  In Markus Locker, ed., Systems Theory and Theology: The Living Interplay between Science and Religion, pp. 49-61. Eugene: Pickwick Publications. (pdf) This article is an updated version of the 1985 talk below with the same title.
  • Zwick, M. (2010) "Symbolic Structures as Systems: On the Near Isomorphism of Two Religious Symbols." In Markus Locker, ed., Systems Theory and Theology: The Living Interplay between Science and Religion, pp.62-96, Eugene: Pickwick Publications. (pdf) This article is a longer version of the paper immediately below, published in Religion East and West, and also includes some systems-theoretic ideas.

  • Zwick, M. (2009) " The Diagram of the Supreme Pole and the Kabbalistic Tree: On the Similarity of Two Symbolic Structures." Religion East & West, the Journal of the Institute for Word Religions, Issue #9, October 2009, pp. 67-87. (pdf) 

  • Zwick, M. (2009) "Holism and Human History." Metanexus, July 19, 2009 (Cosmos, Nature and Culture: A Transdisciplinary Conference, Phoenix, Arizona). (html / pdf). Systems Science Seminar Presentation Recordings from April, 2010: (part 1/part 2) Presentation slides (pdf).

  • Zwick, M. (2008) "A Conversation on Theodicy." Metanexus, January 9, 2008. (html / pdf)

  • Zwick, M. (2007) "Spinoza and Gödel: Causa Sui and Undecidable Truth." North American Spinoza Society Monograph 13, pp. 46-52. (pdf)

  • Zwick, M. (2007) "Systems Metaphysics: A Bridge from Science to Religion." Metanexus conference: Transdisciplinarity and the Unity of Knowledge: Beyond the Science and Religion Dialogue. June 2-6, 2007; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (pdf) Reprinted in Metanexus, June 24, 2007. (html)

  • Zwick, M. (2007) "Systems Ideas and Sustainability." Systems Science and Social Sustainability Seminar. Presentation. (pdf)

  • Zwick, M. (2001) "A Review of Systems: New Paradigms for the Human Sciences." International Journal of General Systems. (postscript / pdf)

  • Zwick, M. (2000) "Understanding Imperfection." World Congress of the Systems Sciences & 44th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences, Toronto, July 16-22, 2000. (postscript / pdf)

  • Zwick, M. (1999) "An Informal Review of The Crisis of Global Capitalism: A Letter to George Soros." (pdf)

  • Zwick, M. (1997) "Complexity Theory and Systems Theory." International Institute for General Systems Studies, Second Workshop, Jan. 9-11, 1997, Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas. html abstract

  • Zwick, M. (1995) "Towards an Ontology of Problems." Advances in Systems Science and Applications Inauguration Issue I, pp. 37-42. (postscript / pdf)

  • Attaran, M., Zwick M. (1989) "An Information Theory Approach to Measuring Industrial Diversification." Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1989, pp. 19-30. (pdf)
  • Attaran, M., Zwick, M. (1987) "Entropy and Other Measures of Industrial Diversification." Quarterly Journal of Business and Economics, Vol. 26, No. 4, Autumn1987, pp. 17-34. (pdf)
  • Attaran, M., Zwick, M. (1987) "The Effect of Industrial Diversification on Employment and Income: A Case Study." Quarterly Review of Economics and Business, Vol. 27, No. 4, Winter 1987, pp. 36-54. (pdf)
  • Zwick, M. (1985) "Personal Knowledge and the Inner Sciences." A talk at the conference on “Other Realities: New Religions and Revitalization Movements,” University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska, March 27-30, 1985 (pdf)

  • Zwick, M. (1984) "Incompleteness, Negation, Hazard: On The Precariousness Of Systems." Nature and System Vol.6. (1984). pp. 33-42. (postscript / pdf)

  • Zwick, M. (1984) "Information, Constraint and Meaning." Proceedings, Society for General System Research, International Conference, New York City, May 28-June 1, 1984, (A. W. Smith, editor), Intersystems Publications, 1984, pp. 93-99. (postscript / pdf)

  • Zwick, M., Heiat, A. (1982) "Entropy Measures in Input-Output Analysis." Systems Science and Science: Proceedings of the Twenty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Society for General Systems Research, ed. by L. Troncale, SGSR, Louisville, KY, 1982. (pdf)
  • Zwick, M. (1978) "Some Analogies of Hierarchical Order in Biology and Linguistics." Applied General Systems Research: Recent Developments & Trends, edited by George J.Klir, New York: Plenum Press, 1978, pp. 521-529. (postscript / pdf)

  • Zwick, M. (1978) "Dialectics and Catastrophe." From Sociocybernetics, 1978,1 pp. 129-154. (pdf)
  • Zwick, M. (1978) "Requisite Variety and the Second Law." System Science and Cybernetics Symposium, International Conference of Cybernetics and Society (IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society), Tokyo/Kyoto, November, 1978. (pdf)

  • Zwick, M. (1978) "Quantum Measurement and Gödel's Proof." Speculations in Science and Technology Vol. 1 No.2, 1978. (postscript / pdf)

  • Zwick, M., Schwartz, D.G., and Lendaris, G.G. (1978) "Fuzziness and Catastrophe." Proceedings of the International Conference of Cybernetics and Society, IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, 1237-1241, November 1978. (pdf)

Relevant Courses

SYSC 521/621 Systems Philosophy

SYSC 510 Systems Ideas and Sustainability

PHL 570 Philosophy of Science



Martin Zwick

Other Faculty

(collaborating or with related interests)

Mark Bedau, Philosophy Dept., Reed College and SySc Adjunct Faculty

Hugo duCoudray, Emeritus, Psychology.  See his new systems-theoretic book, Mentius Nuncius: A Schema for Psychology.

Marek Perkowski, Electrical & Computer Engineering 

Tom Seppalainen, Philosophy

Meetings & Events

Transdisciplinarity and the Unity of Knowledge: Beyond the Science and Religion Dialogue, June 2 - 6, 2007 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


Center for Cooperative Phenomena
Center for Systems Solutions
Principia Cybernetica
Monty Python - International Philosophy

Human Complexity 2012 Conference

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