Smith Memorial Student Union, room 296, 1825 SW Broadway
Checkpoints are a centerpiece of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, yet remain understudied. How do they affect Palestinian preferences towards violence? What role do they play in the Peace Process and regional security? Some analysts contend that checkpoints defend against violence, while others say they perpetuate it. Which is it, and how can we tell? In this paper we exploit a natural experiment, based on an Israeli decision in 2009 to remove several checkpoints. We randomly sampled within two population clusters (n=599) before and after this intervention. These results are then compared with an independent panel survey (n=1200) conducted in three waves between 2007-2009. Both studies suggest that checkpoints make Palestinians more likely to support violence - suggesting a rethinking of Israeli security policy, as short-term concerns over Palestinian movement may be compromising Israel’s long-terms security interests. This argument has policy implications for conflicts worldwide, most notably in contemporary US-occupied Iraq.
Daphna Canetti (Ph.D., University of Haifa) is an associate professor with tenure at the School of Political Science. She is a political psychologist who specializes in the psychology of intergroup relations amidst protracted conflicts. She uses controlled randomized field experiments, spatial analysis, and experimental surveys to her bio-political research of immunity and inflammation resulting from war and terrorism exposure. With $2.25M recently granted by the US Institutes of Health, and grants by the Israel Science Foundation and United States - Israel Binational Science Foundation, and Yale's McMillan Center and Yale's Institution for Social and Policy Studies, the START project, she studies the effects of existential threat on intergroup conflict, and on war and peace attitudes. Her articles were published in journals such as Political Behavior, Political Psychology, Psychiatry - Interpersonal and Biological Processes, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Political Studies, Political Research Quarterly, Armed Forces & Society, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Electoral Studies, Journal of Peace Research. She has been serving on the editorial board of Democracy and Security and Political Psychology. Her papers won numerous prizes such as the Roberta Sigel Award for the best paper presented at the International Society for Political Psychology. She was a Fulbright Fellow, the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies Visiting Fellow, and the Rice Family Foundation Visiting Professor at the Council on Middle East Studies, the MacMillan Center and the Department of Political Science, Yale University.
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The Middle East Studies Center at Portland State University promotes understanding of the people, cultures, languages and religions of the Middle East. As a National Resource Center for Middle East Studies under the U.S. Department of Education’s Title VI program, the Center serves as a resource on issues pertaining to the Middle East through activities that reach students and scholars, as well as businesses, educators, and the media. The Middle East Studies Center supports academic conferences, workshops, cultural events, lectures, and a resource library.
The Center’s Lunch & Learn series offers students, faculty, and members of the community an opportunity to learn about events in the region from experts in the field. Through informal presentations followed by discussion, scholars offer academic analysis of current events including subjects such as the Egyptian revolution, humanitarian aid in Libya, and the UN vote on Palestinian statehood. These conversations provide a forum for the community to engage in thoughtful dialogue about the region, ask questions, and share their opinions. This responsive series fosters an increase in international awareness and a community of learning with a shared interest in the Middle East.pdx.edu/middle-east-studies | email@example.com | 503-725-4074