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Leslie B. Hammer, Ph.D., Professor, Industrial/Organizational Psychology Director, Occupational Health Psychology Program

Department of Psychology
317 Cramer Hall
Portland State University
P.O. Box 751
Portland,OR 97207-0751
phone (503) 725-3971
fax (503) 725-3904

Peer Reviewed Journal Articles 
Classes Taught
Occupational Health Psychology

Current Research:

Study for Employment Retention of Veterans:

Occupational Health Psychology at PSU:

Work, Family and Health Network:

WFHN Project:

Oregon Healthy Workforce Center:




Selected Publications

Odle-Dusseau, H. N., Hammer, L. B., Crain, T. L., & Bodner, T. (in press). The influence of family-supportive supervisors on job performance: An organizational work-family initiative. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology.


Berkman, L. B., Liu, S. Y., Hammer, L. B., Moen, P., Klein, L. C., Kelly, E., Fay, M., Davis, K., Durham, M., Karuntzos, G., Buxton, O. M. (in press). Work/family demands, cardiometabolic risk and sleep duration in extended care employees. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 20, 420-433. doi: 10.1037/a0039143


Hammer, L. B., Johnson, R. C., Crain, T. L., Bodner, T. Kossek, E. E., Davis, K. D., Kelly, E. L., Berkman, L. F., Buxton, O. M., Karuntzos, G., & Chosewood, L. C. (in press). Intervention Effects on safety compliance and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: Evidence from the Work, Family, and Health Study. Journal of Applied Psychology.


Hammer, L., Truxillo, D., Bodner, T., Rineer, J., Pytlovany, A., & Richman, A. (2015). Effects of a workplace intervention targeting psychosocial risk factors on safety and health outcomes: Psychosocial factors and workers health and safety. BioMed Research International, vol. 2015, Article ID 836967, 12 pages, 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/836967.


Lawson, K. M., Davis, K. D., McHale, S. M., Hammer, L. B., & Buxton, O. M. (in press). Daily positive spillover and crossover from mothers’ work to youth health. Journal of Family Psychology.


Lee, S., Almeida, D. M., Davis, K. D., King, R. B., Hammer, L. B., & Kelly, E. (in press). Latent profiles of time adequacy for paid-work, parenting, and partner roles. The Journal of Family Psychology.


Lam, J., Fox, K., Fan, W., Moen, P., Kelly, E.L., Hammer, L., Kossek, E. (2015). Manager Characteristics and Employee Job Insecurity around a Merger Announcement: The Role of Status and Crossover. The Sociological Quarterly, 56(3): 558-580. 


Davis, K. D., Lawson, K., Almeida, D. M., Kelly, E., King, R. B., Hammer, L. Casper, L., Okechukwu, C., & Hanson, G., & McHale, S. M. (2015). Parents’ daily time with their children: A workplace intervention. Pediatrics, 135 (5), 875-882. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-2057


Olson, R., Crain, T. L., Bodner, T., King, R., Hammer, L., Klein, L. C., Erickson, L., Moen, P., Berkman, L., & Buxton, O. M. (2015). A workplace intervention improves actigraphic sleep duration in a randomized, controlled study: Results from the Work, Family, and Health Network. Sleep Health, 1, 55-65. doi:10.1016/j.sleh.2014.11.003


Truxillo, D. M., Cadiz, D. E., & Hammer, L. B. (2015). Supporting the aging workforce: A review and recommendations for workplace intervention research. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2, 351–81.


DePasquale, N., Polenick, C., Davis, K. D., Moen, P., Hammer, L., & Almeida, D. M.  (2015). The psychosocial implications of managing work and family caregiving roles: Gender differences among IT professionals. Journal of Family Issues, 1-25. doi: 10.1177/0192513X15584680


Anger W. K., Elliot. D., Bodner, T., Olson, R., Rohlman, D.S., Truxillo, D.M., Kuehl, K.S., Hammer, L.B., Montgomery, D. (2015).  Effectiveness of Total Worker Health Interventions, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 20, 226–247.


Moen, P., Kaduk, A., Kossek, E., Hammer, L., Buxton, O.M., O’Donnell, E., Almeida, D., Fox, K., Tranby, E., Oakes, J.M., Casper, L. (2015).  Is work-family conflict a multi-level stressor linking job conditions to mental health?  Evidence from the Work Family and Health Network.  Research in the Sociology of Work:  Work & Family in the New Economy, 26,177-217.


DePasquale, N. Davis, K.D., Zarit, S.H., Moen, P., Hammer, L.B., & Almeida, D. M. (2014). Combining formal and informal caregiving roles: The psychosocial implications of double- and triple-duty care. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbu139


Kelly, E. L., Moen, P., Oakes, M., Fan, W., Okechukwu, C., Davis, K. D., Hammer, L. B., Kossek, E. E., King, R. B., Hanson, G., Mierzwa, F., Casper, L. (2014) Changing Work and Work-Family Conflict: Evidence from the Work, Family, and Health Network. American Sociological Review. Vol. 79(3) 485–516.


Bodner, T., Kraner, M., Bradford, B., Hammer, L., & Truxillo, D. (2014). Safety, health, and well-being of municipal utility and construction workers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 56(7), 771-778.


Kossek, E.E., Hammer, L.B., Kelly, E.L., & Moen, P. (2014). Designing Work, Family & Health Organizational Change Initiatives. Organizational Dynamics, 43, 53-63.


Crain, T. L., Hammer, L. B., Bodner, T., Kossek, E. E., Moen, P., Lilienthal, R., & Buxton, O. M. (2014). Work-family conflict, family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB), and sleep outcomes. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 19, 155–167.


Hammer, L. B., & Sauter, S. L. (2013). Total worker health and work-life stress. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, 55(12), S25-S29. 


Hammer, L. B., Kossek, E. E., Bodner, T., & Crain, T. (2013). Measurement development  and validation of the family supportive supervisor behavior short-form (FSSB-SF). Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 18, 285-296.


Bray, J., Kelly, E., Hammer, L. B., Almeida, D., Dearing, J., King R., Buxton, O. (2013). An Integrative, multilevel, and transdisciplinary research approach to challenges of work, family, and health. RTI Press, publication No. MR-0024-1303. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI Press. Retrieved from


Lapierre, L. L., Hammer, L. B., Truxillo, D. M., Murphy, L. A. (2012). Family interference with work and workplace cognitive failure: The mitigating role of recovery experiences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 8, 227-235.


Pines, A.M., Neal, M.B., Hammer, L.B., & Icekson, T. (2011). Job burnout and couple burnout in dual-earner couples in the sandwiched generation. Social Psychology Quarterly, 74(4) 361–386.


Sorensen, G., Landsbergis, P., Hammer, L., Amick, B., Linnan, L., Yancey, A., Welch, L., Goetzel, R., Flannery, K, Pratt, C., and the Workshop Working Group on Worksite Chronic Disease Prevention (2011). Preventing chronic disease at the workplace: A workshop report and recommendations. American Journal of Public Health, 101, S196-S207. 


Kossek, E. E., Pichler, S., Bodner, T., & Hammer, L. B. (2011). Workplace Social Support and Work-Family Conflict: A Meta-Analysis Clarifying the Influence of General and Work-Family Specific Supervisor and Organizational Support. Personnel Psychology, 64, 289-313.


Hammer, L. B., Kossek, E. E., Anger, W. K., Bodner, T., & Zimmerman, K. (2011). Clarifying work-family intervention processes: The roles of work-family conflict and family supportive supervisor behaviors. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96, 134-150.


Davidson, O. B., Eden, D., Westman, M., Cohen-Charash, Y., Hammer, L. B., Kluger, A. N., Krause, M., Maslach, C., O’Driscoll, M., Perrewe, P. L., Quick, J. C., Rosenblatt, Z., & Spector, P. E. (2010). Sabbatical leave: Who gains and how much? Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 953-964. 


Kossek, E. E., Lewis, S., & Hammer, L. B. (2010). Work-life initiatives and organizational change: Overcoming mixed messages to move from the margin to the mainstream. Human Relations, 63, 3-19.  PMID:22021934. (article selected for reprint in  collected volume : Industrial Relations,  Baird, M., Cooper, R., Bradon, E. & Lansbury, R., Editors In press for  2011.   UK; Sage Publications, Ltd.)

Neal, M. B., & Hammer, L. B. (2010). Dual-Earner Couples in the Sandwiched Generation: Effects of Coping Strategies Over Time. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 12, 205-234.

 Johnson, J., Truxillo, D. M., Erdogan, B., Bauer, T. N., & Hammer, L. B., & (2009). Perceptions of Overall Fairness: Are Effects on Job Performance Moderated by Leader-Member Exchange? Human Performance, 22: 5, 432-449. 


Hammer, L. B., Kossek, E. K., Yragui, N., Bodner, T., & Hanson, G. (2009). Development and validation of a multidimensional measure of family supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB). Journal of Management, 35, 837-856.


Mortazavi, S., Pedhiwala, N., Shafiro, M., & Hammer, L. B. (2009). Work-family conflict related to culture and gender.  Community, Work, and Family. 12, 251-273.


Pines, A. M., Hammer, L. B., Neal, M. B. (2009). "Sandwiched Generation" Couples: A cross-cultural, cross-gender comparison. Praciques Psychologique, 15, 225-237.


Cullen, J. C., Hammer, L. B., Neal, M. B., & Sinclair, R. R. (2009). Development of a typology of dual-earner couples in the  sandwiched generation. Journal of Family Issues, 30, 458-483.


Kossek, E. E., & Hammer, L. B. (November, 2008). Work/Life Training for Supervisors Gets Big Results. Harvard Business Review. 

 Kelly, E., Kossek, E., Hammer, L.,   Durham, M. , Bray, J., Chermack, K., Murphy, L., Kaskubar, D. (2008). Getting there from here: Research on the effects of work-family initiatives on work-family conflict and business outcomes. The Academy of Management Annals, 2:1, 305-349. 


Hammer, L. B., & Neal, M. B. (2008). Sandwiched Generation Caregivers: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Outcomes. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 11, 93-112. 


Shafiro, M. V., Hanson, G. C., Truxillo, D. M., & Hammer, L. B. (2007). Research tools for the practicing manager: Employee reactions to a reduction in benefit-related compensation: A fairness perspective. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 10, 105-125.


Cullen, J. C., & Hammer, L. B. (2007). Developing and testing a theoretical model linking work-family conflict to employee safety. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 12, 266-278.


Hanson,G., Hammer, L. B., & Colton, C. (2006). Development and validation of a multidimensional scale of work-family positive spillover. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 11, 249-265.


Hammer, L. B., Neal, M. B., Newsom, J., Brockwood, K. J., & Colton, C. (2005). A longitudinal study of the effects of dual-earner couples’ utilization of family-friendly workplace supports on work and family outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 799-810.


Sahibzada, K., Hammer, L. B., Neal, M. B., & Kuang, D. C. (2005). The Moderating Effects of Work-Family Role Combinations and Work-Family Organizational Culture on the Relationship between Family-Friendly Workplace Supports and Job Satisfaction.  Journal of Family Issues, 26, 1-20.


Hammer, L. B., Cullen, J. C., Neal, M. B., Sinclair, R. R., & Shafiro, M. (2005). The longitudinal effects of work-family conflict and positive spillover on depressive symptoms among dual-earner couples. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 10, 138-154.


Huang, Y. E., Hammer, L. B., Neal, M. B., & Perrin, N. (2004). The Relationship Between Work-to-Family and Family-to-Work Conflict: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 25, 79-100.


Ingersoll-Dayton, B., Neal, M. B., Ha, J., & Hammer, L. B. (2003). Collaboration Among Siblings Providing Care for Older Parents. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 40, 51-66.


Ingersoll-Dayton, B., Neal, M. B., Ha, J., & Hammer, L. B. (2003). Redressing inequity in parent care among siblings. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65, 201-212.


Hunthausen, J. M., Truxillo, D. M., Bauer, T. N., & Hammer, L. B. (2003). A field study of frame-of-reference effects on personality test validity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 545-551.


Hammer, L. B., Bauer, T. N., & Grandey, A. (2003). Work-family conflict and work-related withdrawal behaviors. Journal of Business and Psychology, 17, 419-436.


Brockwood, K. J., Hammer, L. B., Neal, M. B., & Colton, C. L. (2002). Effects of accommodations made at home and at work on wives’ and husbands’ family and job satisfaction. Journal of Feminist Family Therapy, 13, 41-64.


Ingersoll-Dayton, B., Neal, M. B., & Hammer, L. B. (2001). Aging parents helping adult children: The experience of the sandwiched generation. Family Relations, 50, 262-271.


Hammer, L. B., Grigsby, T. G., & Woods, S. (1998).  The conflicting demands of work, family, and school among students at an urban university.  Journal of Psychology, 132, 220-226.


Hammer, L. B., & Barbera, K. M. (1997).  Towards an integration of alternative work schedules and human resource systems: Recommendations for research and practice.  Human Resource Planning, 20, 28-36.


Hammer, L., Allen, E., & Grigsby, T. (1997). Work-family conflict in dual-earner couples: Within-individual and crossover effects of work and family.  Journal of Vocational Behavior, 50, 185-203.


Hammer, L. B., & Stone-Romero, E. F. (1996).  The effects of mood state and favorability of feedback on reactions to performance feedback.  Perceptual and Motor Skills, 83, 923-934.


Bauer, T. N., & Hammer, L. B. (1996).  Help received during the journal article writing process: The outcomes of quality and quantity.  Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 11, 213-224.


Hammer, L. B., & Nguyen, H. N. (1995).  The effects of type of child care arrangement and satisfaction with care on absenteeism at an urban university.  College and University Personnel Association Journal, 46, 19-22.


Balzer, W. K., Hammer, L. B., Sumner, K. E., Birchenough, T. R., Parham, S. E., & Raymark, P. H. (1994). Effects of cognitive feedback components, display format, and elaboration on performance. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 58, 369-385.


Balzer, W. K., Sulsky, L. M., Hammer, L. B., & Sumner, K. E. (1992). Task information, cognitive information, or functional validity information:  Which components of cognitive feedback affect performance?  Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 53, 35-54.