There are several different components to the application process. All schools will require that you submit your official transcripts which will include your GPA. Most schools will also want a GRE score. In searching for graduate programs, most schools will post the average GRE score and the average GPA from their previously admitted students. This will give you a rough idea on whether or not your application will be competitive. It is important that you submit your application material on time.
Grade Point Average (GPA)
Depending on the program you are applying for, some schools will want to see your last 45-60 credits. Some will look at your major GPA, some will look at your cumalative, and some will look at all the above. The admissions committee will require that you send your official transcripts so they may evaluate your academic history including your GPA.
Graduate Record Examination (GRE)
The GRE is very similar to the SATs you took in High School. The components include verbal, math, and writing. Most students find this exam to be challenging so it is important to give yourself enough time to be prepared for it. Appointments book quickly, so students must schedule appointments in advance. Be sure to check out the ETS.org website to see how long it takes for your scores to be processed and compare that to when your application is due.