- PhD in Higher Education
- MSW, Rutgers University
- BA in Political Science, Univeristy of Washington
Caseworker and supervisor in a state human services agency. Director of a substance abuse project in an urban poverty program. Tribal health planner, group home director, parenting project coordinator, elected tribal councilman, and president of a tribal college. director of an Indian boarding school student substance abuse program and director of tribal social services department.