David E. Ervin
David E. Ervin
Professor of Environmental Management
Professor of Economics
Fellow in the Institute for Sustainable Solutions
Office: (503) 725-3935 – Fax: (503) 725-3945
Cell: (503) 241-1438
Click here for a current version of this CV
- B.S. Agricultural Economics, The Ohio State University
- M.S. Agricultural Economics, The Ohio State University
- Ph.D. Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University
- Professor of Environmental Management, Professor of Economics, and Fellow, Center for Sustainable Processes and Practices, Portland State University, 2008-present.
- Professor of Environmental Studies and Coordinator of Academic Sustainability Programs, Portland State University, September 2001-2007.
- Senior Policy Analyst, Wallace Center for Agricultural and Environmental Policy, Winrock International, January 2000-June 2002.
- Director, Policy Studies Program, The Henry A. Wallace Institute, Greenbelt, Maryland, July 1996-December 1999.
- Professor, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University, January 1994-July 1996. (Visiting Senior Analyst, Office of Technology Assessment, January 1994-September 1995, on assignment from Oregon State University)
- Professor and Head, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, August 1991-January 1994.
- Chief, Resource Policy Branch, Resources and Technology Division, Economic Research Service, USDA, Washington, DC, July 1988-July 1991.
- Economics of Sustainability
- Environmental Economics
- Business Environment Management Economics
- Global Environmental Economics
- Agricultural Biotechnology and Environmental Management
- Business Environmental Sustainability
- Environmental Policy Reform
- International Trade and Environmental Management
- Principal Investigator and Co-Director, “Ecosystem Services for Urbanizing Regions,” National Science Foundation Integrated Graduate Education, Research and Training (IGERT) Program. 2010.
- Co-Principal Investigator, “Spatially-explicit assessment of ecosystem services shifts under climate change and land development in the metropolitan fringe.” National Science Foundation. Geographic Systems Science. 2010.
- Project Director. "Developing Genuine Metrics for Business Sustainability" Miller Foundation, Portland State University. 2010
- Project Director. “Ecosystem Services and Sustainability: The Marmot Dam Removal” Portland State University Miller Foundation Award. 2009.
- Project Director. “Expert Workshop on Options for Innovative Research Collaborations in Agricultural Biotechnology” U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, and Farm Foundation. 2008-2009. (proposal pending)
- "Developing Design Tools for Estimating the Energy and Water Performance of Ecoroofs." The Ecoworks Foundation, Portland Office of Sustainable Development, and Gerding Edlen Development. 2006-2009.
- "Oregon Business Decisions for Environmental Performance." U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2003-2007.
- “Public Goods and University-Industry Relationships in Agricultural Biotechnology.” U.S. Department of Agriculture, Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems. 2001-2006.
- “Economic Measures of Mt. Hood National Forest Sustainability.” U.S. Forest Service. 2001-2002.
- “Motivations for Business Sustainability.” FatEarth. 2001.
- “Policy for Agricultural Biotechnology and the Environment.” Kellogg Foundation and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1999-2000.
- The impact of genetically engineered crops on farm sustainability in the United States. 2010. D.E. Ervin, Y. Carrière, W. J. Cox, J. Fernandez-Cornejo, R. A. Jussaume, M. C. Marra, M. D. K. Owen, P. H. Raven, L. Lareesa Wolfenbarger, and D. Zilberman. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 250p.
- Ervin, D., J. Kahn and M. Livingston, eds. 2003. Does Environmental Policy Work: The Theory and Policy of Outcomes Assessment. Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc.
- Brouwer, F. and D. Ervin, eds. 2002. Public Concerns, Environmental Standards, and Agricultural Trade. New York: CAB International.
- Ervin, D., J. Fitch, R. Godwin, W. Shepard and H. Stoevener. 1977. Land Use Control: Evaluating Economic and Political Effects. Cambridge: Ballinger Publishing Company.
- D. Ervin, J. Wu, T. Wirkala, M. Khanna, P. Koss, and C. Jones. “Motivations and Barriers to Corporate Environmental Management” Business Strategy and the Environment (forthcoming)
- Nag, S., H. Yang, S.T. Buccola, and D. Ervin. 2012. “Productivity and Financial Support in Academic Bioscience.” (April) Applied Economics (on-line publication)
- Ervin, D., L. Glenna, and R. Jussaume. “The Theory and Practice of Genetically Engineered Crops and Agricultural Sustainability,” Sustainability (forthcoming)
- Glenna, L, R. Welsh, D. Ervin, W. Lacy and D. Biscotti. “Academic-Industrial Relationships, Academic Scientists’ Values, and Agricultural Biotechnology" Research Policy (forthcoming).
- Ervin, D. and R. Welsh. 2010. "Genetically Engineered Corps and U.S. Agricultural Sustainability." Choices (August). http://www.choicesmagazine.org/magazine/article.php?article=127.
- Nag, S., H. Yang, S. Buccolaa, and D. Ervin. 2010. "What Drives Academic Bioscientists: Money or Values?" Choices (August). http://www.choicesmagazine.org/magazine/article/php?article=132.
- Buccola, S., D. Ervin, and H. Yang. 2009. “Research Choice and Finance in University Bioscience.“ Southern Economic Journal 75(4): 1238-1255.
- Khanna, M., P. Koss, C. Jones and D. Ervin. 2007. “Motivations for Voluntary Environmental Management.” Policy Studies Journal 35(4): 751-772.
- Welsh, R. and D. Ervin. 2006. "Precaution as an Approach to Technology Development: The Case of Transgenic Crops." Science, Technology and Human Values. 31(2): 153-172.
- Ervin, D., R. Welsh, S. Batie, and C. Carpentier. 2003. "Towards an ecological systems approach in public research for environmental regulation of transgenic crops." Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment, 99. pp. 1-14.
- Batie, S. and D. Ervin. 2001. “Biotechnology and the Environment: Issues and Linkages.” Environment and Development Economics, 6. pp. 435-457.
- Ervin, D. and F. Casey. 2001. “Green Business Rising.” Choices, 3rd Quarter. pp. 34-37.
- Ervin, D. 1999. “Toward GATT-Proofing Environmental Programmes for Agriculture.” Journal of World Trade, 33(2), April. pp. 63-82.
- Batie, S. and D. Ervin. 1998. “Will Business-Led Environmental Initiatives Grow in Agriculture?” Choices, 4th Quarter. pp. 4-10.
- Fleming, R., R. Adams and D. Ervin. 1998. “The Role of Soil Test Information in Reducing Groundwater Pollution.” Journal of Agr. and Resource Economics, 23(1). pp. 20-38.
- Ervin, D., G. Larsen, and C. Shinn. “Simple Ecosystem Service Valuation Can Impact National Forest Management,” American Association of Environmental and Resource Economists Newsletter. Spring 2012
- Ervin, D. "Verdict Still Out on Biotech Crops," Science 328 (May 28):1105-1106
- Welsh, R., D. Ervin, B. Hubbell and M. Jahn. 2002. “GM Crops and the Pesticide Paradigm.” Nature Biotechnology 20(6). pp. 548-549.
- Ervin, D. “Voluntary Resource Conservation and Environmental Management,” Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resources and Environmental Economics, J. Shogren, editor, Elsevier (forthcoming)
- Ervin, D. 2011 (forthcoming), “The Economics of Sustainable Business: Theory and Evidence” in Designing Sustainable Products, Services and Manufacturing Systems, Amaresh Chakrabarti, Sudarsan Rachuri, Prabir Sarkar and Srinivas Kota, editors, Resource Publishing Services.
- Thayer, J. and D. Ervin. 2010. “Developing a Practical Approach to Measuring Sustainability” Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE Society Spring Conference. Toronto (August).
- Khanna, M., C. Jones, D. Ervin and P. Koss 2009. “Voluntary Environmental Management: Motivations and Policy Implications” in deLeon, P. & Rivera, J., Voluntary Environmental Programs: A Policy Perspective. Maryland: Lexington Press.
- Castle, E. and David E. Ervin. 2008. “Frontiers in Resource and Rural Economics: A Synthesis.” in Frontiers in Resource and Rural Economics: Human-Nature, Rural-Urban Interdependencies, edited by J. Wu, P. Barkley and B. Weber . Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.
- Ervin, D. and R. Welsh. 2006. “Environmental Effects of Genetically Modified Crops: Differentiated Risk Assessment and Management” in R.E. Just, J.M. Alston, and D. Zilberman, editors. Regulating Agricultural Biotechnology: Economics and Policy. New York: Springer Publishers.
- Ervin, D. and R. Welsh. 2005. “Environmental effects of genetically modified crops: A differentiated risk assessment model.” in Wesseler, Justus (ed.), Environmental Costs and Benefits of Transgenic Crops. Wageningen UR Frontis Series vol. 7, Springer, Dordrecht.
- Carpentier, C.L. D. Ervin, and S.Vaughan. 2004. "Multifunctionality and Trade Disciplines in North America" in Sustaining Agriculture and the Rural Economy: Governance, Policy and Multifunctionality. F. Brouwer, editor. Edward Elgar.
- Ervin, D. and F. Casey 2002. “The Changing Economics of Agriculture and the Environment” in Challenging the Agricultural Economics Paradigm, Luther Tweeten, editor. Iowa State University Press, pp. 254-274.
- Brouwer, F. and D. Ervin. 2002. “Introduction” in Public Concerns, Environmental Standards, and Agricultural Trade. 2002. F. Brouwer and D. Ervin, editors, New York: CAB International:1-10.
- Carpentier, C. L. and D. Ervin. 2002. “USA” in Public Concerns, Environmental Standards, and Agricultural Trade. 2002. F. Brouwer and D. Ervin, editors, New York: CAB International: 95-140.
- F. Brouwer and D. Ervin 2002. “Environmental and Human-health Standards influencing Competitiveness” in Public Concerns, Environmental Standards, and Agricultural Trade. 2002. F. Brouwer and D. Ervin, editors, New York: CAB International: 255-284.
- Ervin, D. 2001. “Trade, Agriculture, and the Environment ” in International Environmental Economics, G. Schulze and H. Ursprung, ed’s. Oxford Press, pp. 84-113.
- Ervin, D. 2000. "Taking Stock of Methodologies to Assess the Environmental Effects of Liberalised Agricultural Trade” in Assessing the Environmental Effects of Trade Liberalization Agreements. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris.
- Batie, S. and D. Ervin, 1999. "Flexible Incentives for Environmental Management in Agriculture: A Typology," in Flexible Incentives for the Adoption of Environmental Technologies in Agriculture, F. Casey, S. Swinton, A. Schmitz, and D. Zilberman, ed's. Kluwer, pp. 55-78.
- Potter, C. and D. Ervin. 1999. "Freedom to Farm: Agricultural Policy Liberalization in the and EU," in Agriculture and World Trade Liberalization: Socio-Economic Perspectives on the Common Agricultural Policy. M. Redclift, J. Lekakis, and G. Zanias, eds. Wallingford: CABI, pp.53-72.
- Crosson, P. and D. Ervin. 1999. "Effects of Environmental Programs on the Competitiveness of US Agriculture," in Agriculture and World Trade Liberalization: Socio-Economic Perspectives on the Common Agricultural Policy. M. Redclift, J. Lekakis, and G. Zanias, eds. Wallingford: CABI, pp.143-166.
- Ervin, D. and G. Fox. 1998. “Environmental Policy Considerations in the Grain-Livestock Subsectors in Canada, Mexico and the United States,” in Economic Harmonization in the Canadian/U.S./Mexican Grain-Livestock Subsector. R. Lyons, R. Knutson, and K. Meilke, eds. Guelph: U. Guelph, pp. 275-303.
Research Papers and Reports
- Ervin, David, M. Khanna, P. Koss, J. Wu, C. Jones, C. Speir, and T. Wirkkala. 2007. Oregon Business Decisions for Environmental Management Summary Report. Portland, OR: Portland State University.
- Ervin, D. 2006. “University-Industry Relationships in Agricultural Biotechnology Research.” Issue Report Seven, Chicago: Farm Foundation, December, 2006.
- Ervin, D. 2005. “Key Issues: Evaluation of Payments – Mid-term Evaluation of Rural Development Plans,’ in Evaluating Agri-Environmental Policies: Design, Practice and Results, OECD, pp. 101-102.
- Ervin, D. 2005. “An Analysis of the Trade Effects of Agri-Environmental Payments and Regulations on Arable Crops.” Chapter 7 Agriculture, Trade and the Environment: The Arable Crop Sector, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Paris.
- Ervin, D., T. Lomax, S. Buccola, K. Kim, E. Minor, H. Yang, L. Glenna, E. Jaegar, D. Biscotti, W. Armbruster, K. Clancy, W. Lacy, R. Welsh, and Y. Xia. 2003. "University-Industry Relationships: Framing the Issues for Academic Research in Agricultural Biotechnology." Report of Workshop, "University-Industry Relationships and the Public Good: Framing the Issues in Agricultural Biotechnology", November 19-20, 2002.
- Speir, J., M. A. Bowden, D. Ervin, J. McElfish, R.P. Espejo, T. Whitehouse and C.L. Carpentier. 2003. "Comparative Standards for Intensive Livestock Operations in Canada, Mexico, and the United States." Montreal: Commission on Environmental Cooperation, February.
- Carpentier, C. L. and D. Ervin. 2002. “Business Approaches to Agri-Environmental Management: Incentives, Constraints and Policy Issues.” Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Paris.
- Ervin, D., S. Batie, C. L. Carpentier, J. Fern, N. Richman, M. Schulz, and R.Welsh. 2001. “Transgenic Crops: An Environmental Assessment.” Policy Studies Report, Wallace Center for Agricultural and Environmental Policy, Winrock International, November.
- Brouwer, F., D. Baldock, C. L. Carpentier, J. Dwyer, D. Ervin, G. Fox, A. Meister, and R. Stringer. 2000. “Comparison of Environmental and Health-Related Standards Influencing the Relative Competitiveness of European Union Agriculture vis a vis Main Competitors in the World Market.” European Commission.
- Batie, S., D. Ervin, and M. Schulz, eds. 1998. “Business-led Initiatives in Environmental Management: The Next Generation of Policy?” Special Report 92, Department of Agricultural Economics. Michigan State University. pp. 1-16.
- Ervin, D. and C. Jones. “Management Values Trump Environmental Regulation,” Guest Commentary, Sustainable Industries Journal, June, 2008.
- Ervin, D. 1998. “Shaping a Smarter Environmental Policy for Farming.” Issues in Science and Technology, Summer. pp. 73-79.
- Ervin, D., W. Anthony, S. Batie, P. Faeth, E. Graffy, C. Runge, T. Penny, and T. Warman. 1998. “Agriculture and the Environment: A New Strategic Vision.” Environment, vol.40 (6), July/August. pp. 8-15, 35-40.
- Invited Presentation, “The NRC Report on the Impacts of Genetically Engineered Crops on U.S. Farm Sustainability One Year Later,” Fourth Bioeconomy Conference, U.C. Berkeley, March 25, 2011.
- Panel Presentation, “Climate Variability Effects on Ecosystem Services: Adaptation and Mitigation” Natural Resources Conservation Service and Farm Foundation Agricultural Landscapes Forum, Portland State University, March 18, 2011 (with H. Chang).
- Invited Presentation “The Impact of Genetically Engineered Crops on Farm Sustainability in the United States” Farm Foundation Forum on Issues in the Future Regulation of Agricultural Biotechnology. Wash., DC: National Press Club, March 15, 2011.
- Contributed Paper. “A Genuine Metric for Assessing Business Sustainability,” International Congress on Sustainability Science and Engineering, Tucson, AZ, January 11, 2011 (with Matthew Taylor).
- Invited Presentation, “Biotech Crops: Do They Promote Sustainable Farming?” Pearl Rotary International, Portland, Oregon, October 19, 2010.
- Invited Presentation, “Motivations for Business Sustainability,” USTDA Chinese Delegation Study Tour, Portland, Oregon, September 22, 2010.
- Selected paper “Economic and Institutional Factors Affecting Business Environmental Management,” World Conference of Environmental and Resource Economists, Montreal, June 30, 2010.
- Chair, Plenary Session, “Impacts of Genetically Engineered Crops on Farm Sustainability in the United States,” International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, Ravello, Italy, June 18, 2010.
- Invited Presentation “Impacts of Genetically Engineered Crops on Farm Sustainability” to the Private and Public Scientific, Academic and Consumer Food Policy conference at Harvard University November 22-23, 2009.
- Selected Paper. “Sustainable Manufacturing Metrics & Standards: Guiding Theory,” National Institute of Standards and Technology workshop on Sustainable Manufacturing: Metrics, Standards, and Infrastructure, Gaithersburg, Maryland, October 13-15, 2009.
- Invited Presentation “Building Sustainability Scholarship at Portland State University: War Stories and Lessons,” Michigan State University conference on Engaged Sustainability Scholarship: Accelerating Change, April 30, 2009.
- Seminar. “Public Goods and University-Industry Relationships in Agricultural Biotechnology: Roles of Academic Scientists, University Administrators & Industry Partners” University of Lancaster, Center for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics. June 3, 2008
- Seminar. “Toward a Fuller Understanding of Environmental Management: Roles of Management Values, Market Forces and Regulation.” Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, May 23, 2008.
- Panel Presentation “The New Economics of Green Business and Ecosystem Service Markets,” Oregon State University, April 18, 2008.
- Invited Presentation. “Public Goods and University-Industry Relationships in Agricultural Biotechnology” Second Decade of Crop Biotechnology: Opportunities and Challenges for the Food System. Washington DC: Farm Foundation. January 16, 2008.
- “Oregon Business Decisions for Environmental Management.” Environmental Behavior and Decision Making: Workshop on Corporate Environmental Behavior and Benefits of Environmental Information Disclosure. New York, NY: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, January 14, 2008.
- Seminar “What Motivates Business Environmental Management: Sticks, Carrots, or Both.” Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, Portland, Oregon, June 6, 2007.
- Six lectures on economics of sustainable development to the UNEP-Tongji University Masters Program in Environment and Sustainable Development, April 30-May 12, 2007.
- Seminar “Business Environmental Management in Oregon: Identifying Key Motivations and Barriers to Practice Use.” Workshop of Oregon Resource and Environmental Economists, Willamette University, December 15, 2006.
- Seminar "Factors Affecting Voluntary Business Environmental Management in Oregon." College of William and Mary, November 18, 2006.
- Elton R. Smith Distinguished Lecture Series. "What Motivates Business Environmental Management: Carrots or Sticks?" Michigan State University, November 16, 2006.
- Seminar "University-Industry Relationships in Research on Agricultural Biotechnology." Michigan State University, November 17, 2006.
- Special session organizer and presenter, “Public Goods and Private Goods from Agricultural Biotechnology Research: The Roles of University-Industry Relationships.” International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, Ravello, Italy, June 29-July2, 2006.
- Conference Director, “Public Goods and Private Goods from Agricultural Biotechnology Research: The Roles of University-Industry Relationships.” Wash., D.C., May 1, 2006.
- “Scientists’ research on agricultural biotechnology: the influence of industry support and other factors” at Public Goods and Private Goods from Agricultural Biotechnology Research: The Roles of University-Industry Relationships conference, Wash., D.C., May 1, 2006. with Steve Buccola and Hui Yang, Oregon State University.
- Expert reviewer, Environmental Performance Index Project, Yale University Center for Environmental Law and Policy, Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network, and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, October 27-28, 2005.
- “Green Business and Solid Waste Management.” Oregon Solid Waste Conference, Portland, Oregon, November 10, 2005.
- “Green Business Economics.” Hazardous Waste Summit, Portland, Oregon, October 13, 2005.
- “A Recapitulation of Natural Resource Economics, 1950-2000, and the Economics of Rural Areas, 1900-2000.” Frontiers in Resource and Rural Economics Conference, Oregon State University, October 6, 2005.
- "Agriculture and the Environment: Production and Trade Linkages." U.S. Agency for International Development workshop, Washington DC, Friday, September 9, 2005.
- "Science and Commerce: University-Industry Relationships in Agricultural Biotechnology." Panel presentation, American Agricultural Economics Association meetings, Providence, RI, Tuesday July 26, 2005.
- Yang, H., S.T. Buccola, D. Ervin, K. Kim, and E. Minor. “University-Industry Relationships and the Biotechnology Research Agenda.” Presentation delivered at the Conference on Innovation and Dynamic Efficiency in Agricultural Biotechnology, Economic Research Service and CSREES, USDA, October 14 - 15, 2004.
- “Oregon Business Decisions for Environmental Performance.” Corporate Environmental Behavior and the Effectiveness of Government Interventions. U.S. EPA conference, April 26-27, 2004.
- "University-Industry Relationships and the Public Good: Framing the Issues in Agricultural Biotechnology." 7th International Conference organized by the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research (ICABR), " Public Goods and Public Policy for Agricultural Biotechnology." Ravello, Italy. July 1-3, 2003.
- "Environmental Effects of Genetically Modified Crops: A Differentiated Risk Assessment Model." Frontis Workshop, "Environmental Costs and Benefits of Transgenic Crops in Europe." Wageningen, Netherlands. June 1-4, 2003.
- “Genetically Modified Crops and the Environment.” Portland State Weekend Seminar. October 26, 2002.
- “Sustainable Literacy: The Educational Challenge.” Ecotrust Series on Sustainability Now. Portland, Oregon, October 1, 2002.
- “Are Environmental Reviews Affecting Public Policy?” North American Conference on Assessing the Environmental Effects of Trade Liberalization. Commission for Environmental Cooperation. Montreal, Canada. January 17-18, 2002.
- “Economics and the Changing Structure of Agriculture: Adapting Technology to Meet Economic, Environmental and Social Needs.” Plenary presentation. Annual Meetings of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop and Soil Science Society, and Soil Science Society of America. Charlotte, North Carolina. October 21-25, 2001.
- “Transgenic Crops and the Environment: The Economics of Precaution.” Invited Paper. Western Agricultural Economics Association. Logan, Utah. July 10, 2001.
- “Public Research for U.S. Biosafety Regulation of Transgenic Crops.” 5th International Conference organized by the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research (ICABR), “Biotechnology, Science and Modern Agriculture: A New Industry at the Dawn of the Century.” Ravello, Italy. June 15-18, 2001.
- Chair, National Academy of Science's National Research Council Committee “The Impact of Genetically Engineered Crops on Farm Sustainability in the United States” (2008-10)
- Board Member, U.S. Society for Ecological Economics
- Member, Association of Environmental and Resource Economists
- Member, International Society for Ecological Economics
- Chair, International Resource Policy Consortium (1994-95)
- Secretary/Treasurer, Council on Food, Agricultural, and Resource Economics (1996-99)
- Reviewer, Land Economics
- Reviewer, Ecological Economics
- Reviewer, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management
- Phi Kappa Phi, Portland State University, 2009
- Board of Directors, U.S. Society for Ecological Economics, 2009-2010
- Outstanding article, "Will Business-Led Environmental Initiatives Grow in Agriculture?" Choices, 1999 (S. Batie, co-author)
- President’s Citation, Soil and Water Conservation Society, 1995
- Award of Merit, 1990 Farm Bill Analysis Team, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service
- Thesis Advisor, Outstanding Master's Thesis, Honorable Mention, American Agricultural Economics Association, 1981
- Certificate of Merit, Outstanding Extension Program, Technical Information Coordinator, Western Agricultural Economics Association, 1978
- Outstanding Master's Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, The Ohio State University, 1969
- Gamma Sigma Delta, The Ohio State University, 1967
- Advisory Group on Assessing the Environmental Effects of Trade, Commission on Environmental Cooperation
- Commission on Environmental Cooperation
- Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
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