Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention
Evaluation of the Oregon Relief Nurseries
An evaluation of the Oregon Relief Nurseries will be conducted to examine the effectiveness of these programs in reducing family risk factors, increasing family strengths, and preventing and/or reducing family involvement with the child welfare system. The Relief Nurseries are specialized, multi-component programs that provide therapeutic classrooms, home visitation, parent education, respite care, and other supports to families who are involved with, or at high risk of involvement with, the child welfare system. Outcome data includes information collected by programs that regularly details the presence or absence of 42 risk factors as well as information about the quality of parent-child interactions, family strengths, and child well-being. Information from the Oregon Department of Human Services, Child Welfare division, will be used to examine the frequency of substantiated reports and out of home placements for families receiving Relief Nursery services both before and after program enrollment.
Funding: Oregon Association of Relief Nurseries
Start Date: 2012
Contact: Beth Green
Retrospective Evaluation of Child Welfare Involvement for Early Head Start Participants
In 1996, the federal Head Start Bureau funded a large-scale (17 site) randomized controlled trial of Early Head Start, an early education and family support program for high risk families with children ages birth to 3 years. Since then, families in the original research trial have been tracked through the fifth grade, and results have shown positive parenting and child development outcomes for participating families. To-date, however, there has not been an investigation of whether the EHS program is effective in helping to prevent child maltreatment. The current study is gather child maltreatment data on the Early Head Start and control samples at four research and program sites (California, Kansas, Vermont, Washington).
In collaboration with NPC Research and Harvard University’s Brazelton Touchpoints Center, Dr. Green and her colleagues are collecting and analyzing state administrative child welfare data at five study sites in order to answer the following questions:
- How many parents in the sample have been involved in the child welfare system (report, substantiated report, out-of-home placement)?
- Does the percentage of parents involved in the child welfare system significantly differ between EHS participants and the control sample?
- Was EHS involved in the reporting and if so, what was the role of the program?
- Can maltreatment be predicted from other information about children and families collected through the EHS research study?
- What are the factors that increase or decrease these children’s risk of maltreatment, and to what extent does EHS play a role in buffering these risks?
Funding: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Start Date: 2010
Contact: Beth Green (PI)
Testing the Effectiveness of Healthy Start-Healthy Families Oregon: Outcomes and Cost-Benefits
This project is a large-scale randomized study of Oregon's Healthy Start (ORHS) program, designed to examine the effects of Healthy Start on substantiated maltreatment rates. In addition, the project includes detailed cost-benefit analysis of ORHS to examine program and child welfare system costs. This project will involve developing and disseminating a framework and tool for supporting cost-benefit studies of child abuse and neglect prevention programs. Healthy Start is a home visiting program based on the Healthy Families America program model, providing services to first time parents at higher risk for child welfare involvement. The project involves random assignment of eligible families in 7 counties to either receive ORHS services (1,000 families) or community services as usual (1,000 families). Each family will be tracked for two years, and data sources include administrative maltreatment records; measures collected by ORHS home visitors on parenting stress, home environment, child development, and family risk; and data on ORHS dosage and fidelity.
Funding: Children's Bureau
Start Date: 2009
Contact: Beth Green (PI)
Children’s Trust Fund of Oregon Evaluation of Funded Projects
Work with CTFO Board of Directors and Executive Director to capture learning across programs from the thirty or more grant-funded child abuse prevention activities supported by the trust fund every year. Provide support to individual programs in their approach to quality assurance and program evaluation.
Funding: Children’s Trust Fund of Oregon (CTFO)
Start Date: Ongoing
Contact: Katharine Cahn
Evaluation Technical Assistance for Child Abuse Prevention & Foster Care Grantees
The Center, in partnership with NPC Research, is providing evaluation training and technical assistance to the 22 child abuse prevention and foster care grantees funded by the Portland Children’s Levy (PCL). The Portland Children’s Levy, a voter approved initiative, provides funding to non-profit organizations providing a variety of services designed to prevent or ameliorate the effects of child abuse and neglect on children and families. The Center is working with grantee programs to assist them in developing or improving their data collection and evaluation systems. Assistance includes such activities as working to identify appropriate performance measures, creating and selecting evaluation tools, and creating data collection and management systems.
Funding: Portland Children’s Levy
Start Date: 2010
End Date: 2012
Contact: Beth Green (Co-PI), Anna Rockhill (Co-PI)